Weird Sea Creatures
Scalloped Hammerhead Shark probably the most common species of hammerheads found on coastlines. Their scientific name is actually Sphyrna lewini. They are able to reach a size of 4 meters, or 13.12 feet. They typically feed on small fish, octopuses, and sometimes smaller sharks. They form very large schools reaching up to hundreds of sharks. They bear live young, typically about 15 to 30 pups with a gestation period of 9 to 10 months. They are found worldwide in warm seas.Great HammerheadThe “Great white” of Hammerhead Sharks, the Hammerhead is the largest of all Hammerhead species. It may be easily confused with the smooth Hammerhead shark, but has distinct qualities. They can typically be distinguished by the bumps on their nose, and their extremely large and pointy first dorsal fin.They average about 12 feet but may reach lengths of over 2o feet. They average about 500 pounds, but may weigh up to 1000. These sharks eat rays, squid, bony fish, and smaller sharks. They particularly love sting rays and have special defenses against their venom. Great Hammerheads are viviparous and typically give birth to a liter between 20 and 40. They have a gestation period of 11
The smooth hammerhead is the only Hammerhead to appear in Canadian seas. They are distinguished by a head that lacks a middle indentation. Generally their head resembles more of an axe, rather than a mallet. They can reach lengths of 12 to 13 feet, and can weigh about 800 pounds. They feed on school fish, small sharks, shrimp, and rays. These Hammerheads are found worldwide, they prefer moderate water temperatures. Smooth Hammerheads may also often be seen in large schools. These sharks are able to tolerate cold water the most, as compared to other Hammerhead Sharks. They are viviparous and have a litter size that ranges from 29 to 37 young. Generally, the smooth hammerhead is the species that people most often see. Bonnet Head This shark is set apart from the rest of the crown, because of its relatively small head as compared to other Hammerheads. They have a broad and smooth head; their body is grayish brown with a lighter white underside. They are a small species of Hammerhead reaching about 3 to 5 feet long. They feed on crustaceans like crabs, shrimp, mollusks, and they also feed on smaller fish. Bonnet heads generally prefer warm waters of over 70 degrees. They are found in the western hemisphere, and Migrate closer to the equator during the winter. They are viviparous and produce 6 to 12 pups in one liter. They typically from groups of 5 to 15 sharks, they also travel in schools that contain hundreds of sharks. Scalloped Bonnet Head
This species is so named because it has a wing shaped head. As compared to other Hammerheads, these guys really do have a ridiculously elongated head. Amazingly, the length of their head is about the enght of half their body. Unfortunately, little is known about the winghead shark. They are typically found in shallow waters, on insular and continental shelves. They are located towards the eastern hemisphere by the Indian Ocean. Wingheads feed on small fish and some invertebrates. They can reach a maximum size of six feet, and they are generally a small species of hammerhead. They are viviparous and generally produce about 6 to 25 pups per liter.
Otherwise known as the Golden Hammerhead, this species is extremely rare. They have the prominent features of most hammerheads, except for their small eyes and their dark brownish golden color. They are a very small species reaching maximum sizes of four and a half feet. They feed on small fish, soft-shelled animals, and baby sharks. They are found in the continental shelves of tropical and subtropical regions. As with other sharks they are viviparous, although not much is known about their reproduction.
Yet another little known species, it has a broad arched mallet shaped head. This species is located in the western Atlantic Ocean, and the eastern Pacific Ocean. Typically the scoopHead shark eats small fish, and it is a relatively small shark itself. They average about 4 feet, and do not get bigger than 5 feet. These sharks are viviparous and give birth to lie young.